Black Residents of Toronto and the Police


  • Halime Celik


Members of the Toronto Police Services serve and protect Torontonians. They engage in “carding,” which is the act of randomly stopping people and getting their information to create a database that later helps in police investigations. The Toronto police contend that these random stops alleviate crime and keep residents of Toronto safe. However, the outcomes of carding are grossly disproportionate with the aims of the practice. Studies reveal that 44% of people of colour reported being stopped by the police at least once whereas only 12% of white people reported being stopped by the police. The overrepresentation of people of colour in these procedures shows that racial profiling occurs in the system. Black Torontonians are stopped and questioned by the police not necessarily in relation to a crime, but based on assumptions and stereotypes about people of colour. This research is founded in various scholarly secondary sources as well as news articles on the topic. The goal of this research was to explore the broader implications of racial profiling in the daily lives of people of colour and how this might contrast to the dominant group in society. This research examines gender, race, and social class in relation to police carding.


How to Cite

Celik, H. (2017). Black Residents of Toronto and the Police. Revue YOUR Review (York Online Undergraduate Research), 2, 111. Retrieved from



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