Hostile Streets: Designing for Inclusive Public Space
Keywords:Toronto, homelessness, infrahumanization, public space, hostile design, human-centered design
This paper is an intervention in the dehumanization of unhoused persons. I examine the intersection of urban design, public space, and homelessness through the lens of infrahumanization. Informed by a literature review and media scan, this paper questions whether unhoused people are considered valued human members of the public in urban design decision-making processes in the city of Toronto, Canada. This study raises new questions about the possibilities of human-centred design that might address the exclusionary consequences of hostile design practices and disrupt the infrahumanization of unhoused persons as devalued outcasts of the city.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Ellie Nielsen
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