Animal/Human Relationships, Indigenous Ways of Knowing, and Species Extinction


  • Codrina Ibanescu


We humans coexist within the biosphere and live among other creatures, and thus have a duty to protect and preserve the environment. The purpose of this research is to deconstruct the human/animal relationship through biocentric and biophilic perspectives, challenging the modern Western anthropocentric view of non-humans and nature as compared to the Indigenous way of life, deeply rooted in Traditional Ecological Knowledge. Through a critical analysis of scholarly books and journals, I compare and contrast Indigenous ways of living with the western human/animal relationships, assessing the impact of our coexistence in the natural and urban environments. Well-respected and renowned scientists have long warned that the current rate of resource consumption is unsustainable and will result in an inter-generational human threats as well as threats to non-human life and peril to plants. Without an immediate change in human behaviour, we are heading towards a loss of biodiversity. This research highlights the importance of decelerating species extinction by integrating Indigenous Traditional Ecological Knowledge with western science to inform governments, private interest groups, and the public.




How to Cite

Ibanescu, C. (2022). Animal/Human Relationships, Indigenous Ways of Knowing, and Species Extinction. Revue YOUR Review (York Online Undergraduate Research), 7. Retrieved from



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