Drug Report: Capecitabine


  • Zara Islam


Cancer is a disease that causes a number of the body’s cells to start dividing rapidly and spreading into surrounding tissues. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world with a very low survival rate. There are a few discovered chemotherapeutic drugs that show promising results for the patients and increase the survival rate. Capecitabine is one of them. It is a known orally administered fluoropyrimidine chemotherapeutic agent which is employed in the treatment of metastatic, breast, and colorectal cancers. Activated through a three-step enzymatic pathway, this drug mimics continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil and creates 5-fluorouracil at the tumour site. As an oral agent, capecitabine is more convenient for patients and medical personnel. Also, it avoids the complications associated with venous access. This project reviews the biochemistry, Synthesis, ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion), toxicity profile, drug function, comparison with older drugs, and bioavailability of the chemotherapeutic drug. Capecitabine is an important new treatment option for breast cancer patients. Ongoing clinical trials can provide further information on the drug’s role in a range of settings. Currently, capecitabine shows a promising future for cancer treatment.




How to Cite

Islam, Z. (2022). Drug Report: Capecitabine. Revue YOUR Review (York Online Undergraduate Research), 9. Retrieved from https://yourreview.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/yourreview/article/view/40723



Abstracts & Posters